The Political Ecology of Farmer-Herder Conflict in Ghana: A Case Study of the Kwahu Afram Plains South District




Political ecology, Farmers, Herders, Conflict, Afram Plains, Ghana


Farmer-herder conflict is an age-old phenomenon, which is widely spread in the West African sub-region. Current studies on the Ghanaian farmer-herder conflict have emphasised the land-related conflicts between indigenous farmers and nomadic herders. It has focused especially on environmental scarcity and climate change approaches. However, this study adopts the political ecology framework to highlight land conflicts between migrant farmers and nomadic herders, two migrant groups that are considered "strangers" to the Kwahu Afram Plains District. The study contributes to the broader debates on farmer-herder conflict. It provides contrary evidence with regard to the popular notion in literature and theory about the prevalence of land insecurity among nomadic herders. The study argues that migrant farmers in the study area experience more land insecurity compared to the nomadic herders. This is because of their history of immigration, their relationship with the Kwahu landowners, which is driving the escalating cost of accessing land, and disputes between landowning groups.

Author Biographies

Bernard Okoampah Otu, Koforidua Technical University

Dr Bernard Okoampah Otu is a lecturer at the Koforidua Technical University, Ghana.

Kwasi Sarfo, University of Energy and Natural Resources

Kwasi Sarfo is a PhD candidate at the Centre for African Studies, University of Cape Town, South Africa. He is also a lecturer at the University of Energy and Natural Resources, Sunyani-Ghana.


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How to Cite

Otu, B. O. and Sarfo, K. (2023) “The Political Ecology of Farmer-Herder Conflict in Ghana: A Case Study of the Kwahu Afram Plains South District”, African Journal on Conflict Resolution, 23(1). doi: 10.17159/ajcr.v23i1.16786.